我国17省(区、市)47家“三甲”医院药师及医护人员科研能力调查
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篇名: 我国17省(区、市)47家“三甲”医院药师及医护人员科研能力调查
TITLE:
摘要: 目的:为提高医院药师及医护人员的科研能力提供参考。方法:采取问卷调查方式,收集我国17省(区、市)47家“三甲”医院部分药师及医护人员的科研能力数据,并进行统计、分析和综合评价。结果:共发放药师调查问卷940份,回收有效问卷891份,有效回收率为94.8%;共发放医护人员调查问卷940份,回收有效问卷790份,有效回收率为84.0%。问卷具有较好的信度和效度。药师及医护人员在院内基金申请、获取专利、国外杂志刊登论文及SCI论文发表方面均较为欠缺,给予肯定回答的比例均低于30%;医护人员在对科研的态度和院内基金申请方面给予肯定回答的比例均高于药师,国内杂志刊登论文的比例低于药师(均P<0.05);药师认为自身需提高的能力主要有循证文献/实验解读能力、文献查阅能力和外语阅读能力。药师科研能力处于优档的是山东省B、D、E院,上海市D、E院,陕西省A院,北京市C院,湖北省A院8家;医护人员科研能力处于优档的是山东省B院,上海市A、E院,湖北省A院,重庆市B院,新疆自治区A院,江苏省A院,天津市A院8家。结论:我国17省(区、市)47家“三甲”医院药师及医护人员的科研能力均有所欠缺,大部分医院的科研能力均处于中、差两档,说明我国医院总体科研能力尚有较大的可提升空间,尤其是药师的科研能力有待提升。
ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: To provide reference for improving the scientific research ability of pharmacists and medical staff in China. METHODS: Questionnaires were conducted to collect the scientific research ability data of some pharmacists and medical staff in 47 third grade class A hospitals in China, then statistics, analysis and comprehensive evaluation were carried on. RESULTS: Totally 940 questionnaires were sent out for pharmacists, 891 were effectively received with effective recovery of 94.8%; and 940 were sent out for medical staff, 790 were effectively received with effective recovery of 84.0%. The questionnaire had good reliability and validity. Pharmacists and medical staff were lack in hospital fund application, access to patents, published papers and SCI papers, proportion of affirmative answers was all less than 30%; the proportion of affirmative answers of medical staff was higher than pharmacists in attitude to scientific research and hospital fund application, but lower proportion than pharmacists in domestic journal published papers (P<0.05); pharmacists thought they should improve their abilities, including evidence-based literature/experimental interpretation, literature reading ability and foreign language reading. Pharmacists whose scientific research ability in excellent title were in B, D, E hospitals in Shangdong province, D, E hospitals in Shanghai province, A hospital in Shaanxi province, C hospital in Beijing and A hospital in Hubei province; while medical staff in excellent title were in B hospital in Shandong province, A, E hospitals in Shanghai, A hospital in Hubei province, B hospital in Chongqing, A hospital in Xinjiang autonomous region, A hospital of Jiangsu province and A hospital in Tianjin. CONCLUSIONS: The scientific research ability of pharmacists and medical staff in 47 third grade class A hospitals in China are still lacking, most hospitals are in general and poor titles, which explains the total scientific research ability in China has a larger space to be improved, especially the scientific research ability of pharmacists.
期刊: 2016年第27卷第36期
作者: 钱妍,杜成凤,邓丹
AUTHORS: QIAN Yan,DU Chengfeng,DENG Dan
关键字: “三甲”医院;药师;医护人员;科研能力;调查
KEYWORDS: Third grade class A hospital; Pharmacists; Medical staff; Scientific research ability; Investigation
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