北京市某高中教师用药知识掌握和用药习惯的调查
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篇名: 北京市某高中教师用药知识掌握和用药习惯的调查
TITLE:
摘要: 目的:从一个侧面反映公众在用药安全方面存在的具有代表性的问题,为后续开展大面积的公众调查提供参考。方法:通过设计调查问卷,对北京市某高中全体教师的用药知识掌握和用药习惯进行调查,并对获得的数据进行统计和分析。结果:本次调查共发放问卷88份,回收有效问卷84份,有效回收率为95.45%。该校少部分受访教师迷信输液,感冒、发烧时喜欢自行使用抗菌药物;48.81%的受访教师完全不能理解或仅能部分理解药品说明书;34.52%的受访教师不知道输液治疗引起的药品不良反应比口服治疗的严重程度高;46.43%的受访教师不常检查家中备用药品有效期;38.10%的受访教师不能严格遵循医嘱服药;80.95%的受访教师未接受过药品安全知识宣教,且21.43%的受访教师无意接受药品安全知识宣教;长期服药时,79.76%的受访教师未定期进行血常规、肝肾功能检查。结论:该校受访教师的用药知识掌握存在不足,用药习惯存在诸多误区,提示其在用药安全方面存在隐患,而这也从一个侧面反映了公众在用药安全方面普遍存在着隐患。
ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: To reflect the representative problems existing in the medication safety of public from the side, and provide reference for conducting the following public survey in a large area. METHODS: Questionnaires were used to investigate the knowledge of drug and medication habits of teachers in a senior high school in Beijing, and the received data was statistically analyzed. RESULTS: Totally 88 questionnaires were issued in this investigation, 84 effective questionnaires were acquired, with effective recovery of 95.45%. A few teachers had blind faith in intravenous infusion and preferred using antibiotics without doctor's diagnosis when they caught a cold and fever; 48.81% of the respondents barely understood or only partly understood the drug instructions; 34.52% didn't know that more serious adverse reactions induce by intravenous infusion were more serious than by oral treatment; 46.43% rarely checked the period of validity of reserved drugs at home; 38.10% didn’t following directions when taking drugs; 80.95% had never received the education of medication safety, and 21.43% of them had no intention to accept this education; when taking drugs for a long time, 79.76% of them didn’t do regular examinations of blood routine, renal and liver function tests. CONCLUSIONS: The knowledge of drug use of the respondents in the school is poor, there are many misunderstandings existed in the medication habit, which prompts hidden trouble also exists in medication safety, and reflects hidden trouble commonly exists in medication safety for public from the side.
期刊: 2016年第27卷第30期
作者: 陈世财,赵桂宏,夏彬彬
AUTHORS: CHEN Shicai,ZHAO Guihong,XIA Binbin
关键字: 高中教师;用药知识;用药习惯;调查
KEYWORDS: Teachers of senior high school; Knowledge of drug use; Medication habit; Investigation
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