西安市部分二级以上医疗卫生机构医务人员对临床药学工作的认知、评价和需求调查
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篇名: 西安市部分二级以上医疗卫生机构医务人员对临床药学工作的认知、评价和需求调查
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摘要: 目的:了解西安市二级以上医疗卫生机构医务人员对临床药学工作的认知、评价和需求,为进一步促进当地临床药学工作的开展提供参考。方法:分层随机抽取西安市二级以上医疗卫生机构20家,对医师、护士(师)、药师(非临床药师)及其他医技人员进行随机抽样问卷调查,并就调查结果进行统计和分析。结果:共发放问卷1 020份,回收有效问卷851份,有效回收率为83.4%。45.9%的受访医务人员对临床药学“了解”,“同事”是主要了解渠道;34.3%的受访医务人员认为临床药学工作“仅正常运转”。74.7%的受访医务人员、92.6%的受访药师、70.6%的受访医师认为临床药师“应该”与医护人员一起查房;44.3%的受访医务人员对本院临床药学工作的满意程度为“不满意”和“一般”。48.5%的受访医务人员会主动向临床药师咨询用药;45.5%的受访医务人员会“部分接受”临床药师提供的药物信息。不同岗位受访医务人员在对临床药学的了解程度和了解渠道、对临床药学工作开展情况认知、对临床药师参与查房的评价、对向临床药师咨询用药的需求、对临床药师所提供药物信息的接受度等项目上的调查结果的差异均有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论:临床药学工作在医务人员中的认知及影响有待进一步加强;临床药师应同时具备扎实的临床知识和药学知识以满足不同岗位医务人员的需求;其提供的药学服务在医务人员中的认可度还有待进一步提高。临床药师还需通过多方面的努力切实履行自身工作职能,促进合理用药。
ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: To investigate the cognition, evaluation and demands of medical staff to the clinical pharmacy work in the secondary and tertiary medical and health institutions in Xi’an city, and provide reference for further promoting the development of the local clinical pharmacy work. METHODS: 20 secondary and tertiary medical and health institutions in Xi’an city were randomly selected to conduct a random sampling questionnaire for physicians, nurses (senior nurses), pharmacists (non-clinical pharmacist) and other medical technicians. And the results were statistically analyzed. RESULTS: Totally 1 020 questionnaires were sent out, 851 were effectively received with effective recovery of 83.4%. 45.9% respondents knew clinical pharmacy, and “Colleague” was the main channel; 34.3% thought clinical pharmacy “only maintained normal operation". 74.7% surveyed medical staff, 92.6% surveyed pharmacists and 70.6% surveyed physicians thought clinical pharmacists “should” take round with the doctors and nurses; 44.3% respondents showed “dissatisfaction” and “general satisfaction” with the clinical pharmacy work in their hospitals. 48.5% respondents would take the initiative to consult the clinical pharmacist for medication; 45.5% respondents partially accepted the drug information provided by clinical pharmacists. There were significant differences in the investigation results in aspects of respondents’ understanding level and channel for clinical pharmacy, cognition for development situation of clinical pharmacy, evaluation for clinical pharmacists participating round, demand for consulting the medication, acceptance for drug information provided by clinical pharmacists, and other items (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The cognition and effect of clinical pharmacy work on medical staff need to be further strengthened, clinical pharmacists should also have solid clinical knowledge and the knowledge of medicine to meet the demand of medical staff in different positions, the acceptance of medical staff to the pharmaceutical care needs to be further improved. Clinical pharmacists should earnestly fulfill their job functions through various efforts to promote rational drug use.
期刊: 2016年第27卷第27期
作者: 梁乐,毛晓冬,尤海生,杨世民
AUTHORS: LIANG Le,MAO Xiaodong,YOU Haisheng,YANG Shimin
关键字: 西安市;医疗卫生机构;医务人员;临床药学;认知;评价;需求
KEYWORDS: Xi’an city; Medical and health institution; Medical staff; Clinical pharmacy; Cognition; Evaluation; Demand
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