我国执业药师制度的实施进程、现存问题及改革策略
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篇名: 我国执业药师制度的实施进程、现存问题及改革策略
TITLE:
摘要: 目的:为破除药师“双轨制”和完善我国的药师制度提供参考。方法:通过回顾我国21年来关于药师的法规规章,了解执业药师制度的实施现状及存在问题。结果与结论:我国药师管理法规体系不完善、不协调导致药师认定的“双轨制”长期存在,执业药师注册率低、区域分布不均衡,国家执业药师资格考试与卫生系统药师考试报考条件不协调,药学教育与药师培养不匹配,药师的社会价值未能得到充分体现。建议尽快制订《执业药师条例》,建立全国药学专业技术人员统一、规范的执业资格认定与职称评审制度,推进执业药师分类注册与考试制度改革,深化药学教育与执业药师培养体制改革,合理有序、多措并举引导执业药师配备,加强对执业药师及其工作的宣传力度,以此推动国家执业药师资格制度与卫生专业技术药师任职资格制度并轨。
ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: To provide reference for breaking the “dual-track” system of the pharmacist and perfecting pharmacist system in China. METHODS: By reviewing laws and regulations relating to the pharmacist in recent 21 years, the implementation and problems of pharmacist system was investigated. RESULTS & CONCLUSIONS: The imperfection and dissonance of pharmacist management regulations and laws system result in long-term “dual-track” system of pharmacist authentication. There still are other problems such as low rate of pharmacist registration and unbalanced regional distribution; unbalance between national licensed pharmacist examination and examination condition of health systems pharmacist; divergence and mismatching between pharmacy education pharmacist training; social value of pharmacists cannot be reflected adequately. It is suggested to formulate Regulations on the Licensed Pharmacists as soon as possible, establish uniform and standard qualification and title appraisal system for national pharmaceutical professional and technical personnel, promote licensed pharmacist classification registration and examination system reform, strengthen pharmacy education and licensed pharmacist training system reform, guide licensed pharmacist allocation rationally and orderly by various measures and enhance the propaganda of licensed pharmacist and their work, so as to promote the mergence of national licensed pharmacists qualification system and health professional technical pharmacist competence system.
期刊: 2016年第27卷第22期
作者: 黄昕,黄花红
AUTHORS: HUANG Xin,HUANG Huahong
关键字: 执业药师;双轨制;实施现状;改革策略
KEYWORDS: Licensed pharmacist; Dual-track; Implementation process; Reform strategy
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