药品安全监管的演化博弈与对策分析
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篇名: 药品安全监管的演化博弈与对策分析
TITLE:
摘要: 目的:提出加强药品安全监管的博弈策略,为药品监管部门提供决策参考。方法:基于演化博弈论的方法,构建药品安全监管演化博弈模型,对药品安全监管过程进行演化稳定性分析。结果与结论:药品安全监管的演化博弈结局有4种可能的策略组合,包括提供合格药品,监管;提供不合格药品,监管;提供合格药品,不监管;提供不合格药品,不监管。其具体向何方向演化主要取决于药品安全监管支付矩阵的参数值。药品安全监管的稳定状态与监管者的监管力度、监管成本,以及监管对象的安全投入成本、事故发生概率、事故处理成本等参数相关。后续提高药品安全监管效果的策略选择,包括加大惩处力度、提高监管技术、强化协调机制、倡导社会共治、强化企业自控和行业自律。
ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: To put forward game strategy of drug safety regulation, and to provide reference for decision-making by drug regulation department. METHODS: Based on evolutionary game theory, evolutionary game model of drug safety regulation was established, and the stability of evolution during drug safety regulation was analyzed. RESULTS & CONCLUSIONS: There were four possible evolutionary game results of drug safety regulation, including to provide qualified drugs, regulation; to provide unqualified drugs, regulation; to provide qualified drugs, no regulation; to provide unqualified drugs, no regulation. The evolution direction mainly depends on the parameter values involved in the payoff matrix of drug safety regulation. The stable state of drug safety regulation is related to regulation strength, regulation cost, enterprise safety input, probability of accident, accident-related treatment cost, et al. Key strategies to improve drug safety regulation include increasing punishment, improving monitoring technology,strengthening coordination mechanism,promoting social cohabitation and improving industry self-control.
期刊: 2016年第27卷第19期
作者: 宋燕,甄天民
AUTHORS: SONG Yan,ZHEN Tianmin
关键字: 药品监管;监管策略;演化博弈;药品安全
KEYWORDS: Drug regulation; Regulation strategy; Evolutionary game; Drug safety
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