重庆地区34家医院2012-2014年药品使用分析
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篇名: 重庆地区34家医院2012-2014年药品使用分析
TITLE:
摘要: 目的:为各地政府、医保部门、医院、制药企业和药品销售企业等机构生产、采购和使用药品提供参考。方法:采用销售金额排序法,对重庆地区34家医院2012-2014年14个类别的药品及重点药品的销售情况和制药企业等信息进行回顾性统计与分析。结果:重庆地区34家医院2012-2014年药品总销售金额每年以15%~18%的比例增长。抗感染药物的销售金额和占比呈下降趋势,降幅为3.28%;呼吸系统药物和抗恶性肿瘤药物的增幅最大,增长率分别达79.01%和69.39%。国产药品占市场份额的73%左右,进口药品的销售增长超过国产和合资药品,增幅为40.17%。入围销售金额排名前100位的6家重庆本地制药企业的总销售金额有3家实现增长;排前10位的国外制药企业药品销售金额均呈逐年增长趋势。结论:重庆地区药品总销售金额持续增长,抗感染药物销售金额占比低于16%,反映了抗菌药物临床应用专项整治活动3年取得的成果。呼吸系统疾病和恶性肿瘤在重庆地区呈高发状态,国产药品在医院仍为主流,国外制药企业在我国的发展状况良好,而重庆本地制药企业的发展前景不容乐观。
ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: To provide reference for drug production, parchase and use in local governments, health care department, hospitals, manufacturers and sales enterprises, etc. METHODS: By consumption sum sorting method, the information of 14 categories and key types in 34 hospitals from Chongqing area during 2012-2014 were analyzed statistically such as sales, production manufacturers. RESULTS: The consumption sum of 34 hospitals from Chongqing area increased by 15%-17% during 2012- 2014. The consumption sum and proportion of anti-infective drugs showed a downward trend, decreasing by 3.28%. Those of respiratory system drugs and anti-tumor drugs had the largest increase, with increasing rate of 79.01% and 69.39%, respectively. Domestic drugs accounted for about 73% market share, and sales of imported drugs increased more than domestic and joint-stock drugs, increasing by 40.17%. Among 6 Chongqing pharmaceutical manufacturers on the top 100 consumption sum shortlist, total consumption sum of 3 manufacturers had increased; the consumption sum of top 10 foreign pharmaceutical manufactures increased year by year. CONCLUSIONS: The consumption sum of drugs is increasing in Chongqing area. Anti-infective drugs accounted for less than 16%, which is the achievements of clinical application of antibiotics special rectification activities for 3 years. Both respiratory system disease and malignant tumor have high incidence in Chongqing area. Domestic drugs still are main types in hospital. Foreign manufacturers develop well in China, but Chongqing pharmaceutical manufacturers show unsatisfactory development prospect.
期刊: 2016年第27卷第17期
作者: 余野,曾钰,金蜀蓉,杜蕾,黄堃
AUTHORS: YU Ye,ZENG Yu,JIN Shurong,DU Lei,HUANG Kun
关键字: 重庆;销售金额;增长率;制药企业
KEYWORDS: Chongqing; Consumption sum; Growth rate; Pharmaceutical manufacturer
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