日本临床药学专业认证的发展及启示
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篇名: 日本临床药学专业认证的发展及启示
TITLE: Development and Enlightenment of Clinical Pharmaceutical Accreditation in Japan
摘要: 目的:为完善我国临床药学人才培养质量保障体系、推动我国临床药学教育发展提供参考和借鉴。方法:对日本药学教育改革和认证背景进行介绍,分析日本临床药学专业认证标准的发展及现行标准的主要变化,提出对我国临床药学教育发展的启示。结果与结论:日本于2006年正式开始六年制临床药学教育,规定只有六年制临床药学教育毕业生才具备参加药剂师国家考试的资格。日本药学教育认证委员会(JABPE)是负责日本临床药学专业认证的机构,其认证标准经历2006年、2012年和2018年3个版本的发展,新版标准(2018年版)在指标体系框架、认证理念、培养要求方面均所有革新,例如其体系框架由2012年版的57条基准、176个观点整合为2018年版的19条基准、53个观点,重点突出、清晰明确、化繁就简。我国应借鉴日本临床药学专业认证的发展经验,完善法律法规以保障认证制度健康有序发展、组建独立的第三方认证机构、探索专业认证与执业资格有机衔接的机制、重视院校自评和定性指标的应用、探索构建既立足国情又与国际接轨的临床药学人才培养模式。
ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE:To provi de reference for improvin g the quality assurance system of clinical pharmaceutical talent training and promoting the development of clinical pharmaceutical education in China. METHODS : The background of pharmaceutical education reform and accreditation in Japan was introcuded ;the development of clinical pharmaceutical professional accreditation standards in Japan and the main changes of current standards were analyzed so as to put forward the enlightenment to the development of clinical pharmaceutical education in China. RESULTS & CONCLUSIONS :Japan officially started the six-year clinical pharmaceutical education in 2006,which stipulated that only graduates of six-year clinical pharmaceutical education can be qualified to participate in the national examination for pharmacists. Japan Accreditation Borad of Pharmaceutical Education (JABPE)is responsible for the professional accreditation of clinical pharmacy in Japan. Its accreditation standards experienced the development of three versions in 2006,2012 and 2018. The main changes in the latest accreditation standards in Japan (2018 edition)are reflected in the innovation of index system framework ,accreditation concept and training requirements. For example , its system framework integrates 57 benchmarks and 176 viewpoints in 2012 edition of accreditation standard into 19 benchmarks and 53 viewpoints in 2018 edition of accreditation standard ,with prominent focus ,clarity and simplification. Our country should learn from the development experience of clinical pharmaceutical professional accreditation in Japan ,perfect laws and regulations to ensure the healthy and orderly development of accreditation system ;establish an independent third-party certification body ;explore the mechanism of organic connection between professional certification and professional qualification ;attach importance to the application of self-evaluation and qualitative indicators ; explore and construct a training mode of clinical pharmaceutical talents based on national conditions and in line with international standards.
期刊: 2021年第32卷第21期
作者: 刘燕莉,陆涛,王勇
AUTHORS: LIU Yanli,LU Tao,WANG Yong
关键字: 临床药学教育;专业认证;日本;启示
KEYWORDS: Clinical pharmacutical education ;Professional accreditation ;Japan;Enlightenment
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