美国执业药师继续教育课程和实施管理体系对我国的启示
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篇名: 美国执业药师继续教育课程和实施管理体系对我国的启示
TITLE: Enlightenment of Continuing Education Curriculum and Implementation Management System for Licensed Pharmacists in the United States to China
摘要: 目的:为优化我国执业药师继续教育课程管理制度提供参考。方法:介绍美国执业药师继续教育课程管理的内容和实施体系,为我国执业药师继续教育课程建设与管理体系优化提出政策建议。结果与结论:美国的执业药师继续教育课程管理有明确的课程目标、使命和计划,并在继续教育开始前评估受教者的基本情况,对课程进行模块化管理(分为基于知识、基于运用和实践的继续教育课程);在美国继续教育实施体系方面,药学教育认证委员会(ACPE)对施教人员有要求,提出了强调自主化和个性化的终身学习模式(药师继续职业发展模式),并对授课方式与学习周期、收费情况进行了详细规定,同时要求必须收集参与人员对课程的反馈。结合我国实际,笔者建议我国相关部门应制订《执业药师继续教育课程标准》,对课程实行规范化管理,完善继续教育课程考核机制,以实际教育效果为考察核心来灵活授予学分,并不断更新继续教育的理念与模式,将国际理论本土化,以此不断完善我国执业药师继续教育管理制度。
ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE:To provide reference f or optimizing the curriculum management system of continuing education for licensed pharmacists in China. METHODS : The content and implementation system of continuing education curriculum management for licensed pharmacists in the United States was introduced ,and policy suggestions were put forward for the curriculum construction and management system optimization of continuing education for licensed pharmacists in China. RESULTS & CONCLUSIONS :The curriculum management of continuing education for licensed pharmacists in the United States has clear curriculum objectives ,missions and plans ,and evaluates the basic situation of the trainees before continuing education starts ,so as to carry out modular management of the curriculum (including continuing education courses based on knowledge ,application and practice). In terms of the implementation system of continuing education in the United States ,ACPE has put forward a lifelong learning model (pharmacist continuing career development model )that emphasizes autonomy and personalization ,and has detailed regulations on teaching methods ,learning cycle and fees. At the same time ,ACPE requires that the feedback of participants on the curriculum must be collected. Combined with the practice in China ,it is suggested that the relevant departments should formulate the Curriculum Standard of Continuing Education for Licensed Pharmacists , implement standardized management of the curriculum,improve the assessment mechanism of continuing education curriculum ,flexibly grant credits based on the actual education effect ,constantly update the concept and mode of continuing education ,and localize the international theory ,so as to continuously improve the continuing education management system of licensed pharmacists in China.
期刊: 2021年第32卷第15期
作者: 蒋蓉,丁瑞琳,邵蓉
AUTHORS: JIANG Rong,DING Ruilin,SHAO Rong
关键字: 继续教育;执业药师;课程;规范化管理;美国
KEYWORDS: Continuing education ;Licensed pharmacist ;Curriculum;Standardized management ;United States
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