我国网上药店发展现状的文献研究及建议
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篇名: 我国网上药店发展现状的文献研究及建议
TITLE: Literature Study and Suggestions on the Development Situation of Online Drugstores in China
摘要: 目的:为我国网上药店的发展以及监督管理提供政策建议。方法:采用文献调研法,检索有关网上药店发展研究的相关文献和政策文件,筛选并整理文献,总结我国互联网药品交易模式以及政策的发展历程,分析我国网上药店的发展现状,结合部分发达国家网上药店的发展经验,为我国相关政策提出建议。结果与结论:我国的医药电商起步相对稍晚,网上药品交易相关政策基本集中在近20年内,各有侧重;网上药店数量呈现出不断增长的态势,分布地区广泛但不均衡,网上药店经营品种多,线上处方药政策逐渐放开,支付方式和配送方式多样,但提供的相关药学服务需要进一步提升;英、美、德三国的网上药店发展模式可供参考。根据我国网上药店的经营情况,结合国外发展模式和经营策略,建议我国完善相关法律法规,加大法律支撑;加强政府监管,保证药品安全;利用行业力量,规范药品经营行为;建立第三方交易平台,推进医保支付。
ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE:To p rovide policy suggestions for the development and supervision of online drugstores in China. METHODS:By literature review ,the relevant literatures and policy documents about the development of online drugstores were searched,screened and sorted out to summarize the development process of China ’s internet drug trading mode and policy ,analyze the development status of China ’s online drugstores ;on the basis of the development experience of some developed countries ,the suggestions were put forward for China ’s relevant policies. RESULTS & CONCLUSIONS :China’s medical e-commerce started relatively late ,and the policies related to online drug trading were basically released during last 20 years. The number of online drugstores showed a growing trend. The online drugstores were geographically allocated widely but unevenly. They sold many varieties,and policies on selling prescription medicines were gradually liberalized. These online drugstores provided diverse payment and delivery choices ,but their pharmaceutical service needed to be improved. The development models of online drugstores in the United Kingdom ,the United States and Germany could be referred. According to the current situation of online drugstores in China , combined with the development mode and operation strategy in foreign countries ,it is suggested to improve relevant laws and regulations,and strengthen legal support ;strengthen the government supervision to ensure drug safety ;use the industrial power to standardize medicine operation behavior ;set up the third part trading platform to promote medical insurance payment.
期刊: 2021年第32卷第14期
作者: 张津维,胡书琛,徐政泽,刘开来,伍龙成,杨才君
AUTHORS: ZHANG Jinwei,HU Shuchen,XU Zhengze,LIU Kailai,WU Longcheng,YANG Caijun
关键字: 网上药店;监管政策;现状;文献分析;建议
KEYWORDS: Online drugstores ;Regulatory policies ;Situation;Literature analysis ;Suggestion
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