基于超效率DEA模型和Malmquist指数评价广东省药品安全监管效率
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篇名: 基于超效率DEA模型和Malmquist指数评价广东省药品安全监管效率
TITLE: Evaluation on the Efficiency of Drug Safety Supervision in Guangdong Province Based on Super Efficiency DEA Model and Malmquist Index
摘要: 目的:评价广东省药品安全监管效率,为完善该省药品安全监管体系建设提出优化建议。方法:以广东省21个地市为样本,收集2017-2018年药品安全监管投入(包括监管经费投入力度、监管检查企业力度)-产出(包括行政处罚率、抽检合格率)相关数据,应用超效率数据包络分析(DEA)模型和Malmquist指数分别从静态和动态两个角度对药品安全监管效率进行评价。结果与结论:静态效率评价中,广东省药品安全监管超效率DEA均值为0.810,综合效率整体偏低;各地市监管效率差异明显,只有5个城市(深圳、湛江、韶关、清远、阳江)的DEA值>1,属于相对有效,其余城市均为无效。动态效率评价中,广东省药品安全监管的全要素生产率Malmquist生产率指数的平均值为0.787,2018年较2017年下降了21.30%,全省药品安全监管水平整体呈衰减状态;技术进步不足是导致药品安全监管效率下降的主要原因,而技术效率变化一定程度促进了监管效率的增长。建议要提高药品安全监管效率,应进一步优化资源配置、强化监管技术创新、扩大监管规模、因地制宜协调各地区监管平衡,以完善广东省药品安全监管体系建设。
ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE:To evaluate the efficiency of drug safety supervision in Guangdong priovince and provide optimization suggestion for improving the construction of drug safety supervision system. METHODS :Taking 21 cities in Guangdong province as samples , the supervision input (supervision funds investment , supervision and inspection of enterprises)-output(the rate of administrative penalty and qualified rate of sampling inspection )data were collected from 2017 to 2018. Super-efficiency data envelopment analysis (DEA)model and Malmqusit index were used to analyze the efficiency of drug safety supervision from both static and dynamic point of view. RESULTS & CONCLUSIONS :In static efficiency evaluation , average drug safety supervision super-efficiency DEA in Guangdong province was 0.810,and the overall efficiency of drug safety supervision was in the low level ;among different cities ,there were obvious differences in supervision efficiency ;DEA values of only 5 cities(Shenzhen,Zhanjiang,Shaoguan,Qingyuan,Yangjiang)were higher than 1 and had achieved relatively effective results,while those of remaining cities were all invalid. In dynamic efficiency evaluation ,average Malmqusit index of drug safety supervision in Guangdong province was 0.787,which was decreased by 21.30% in 2018 than 2017;the level of drug safety supervision in the whole province was declining ,and the main reason for the decline in the efficiency of drug safety supervision was technical backwardness ;technical efficiency played a promoter role in supervision efficiency to a certain extent. It is suggested that the efficiency improvement of drug safety supervision should further optimize resource allocation ,strengthen the level of supervision technical innovation ,expand the supervision scale ,and coordinate regional regulatory balance according to local conditions,so as to improve the construction of drug safety supervision system in Guangdong province.
期刊: 2020年第31卷第19期
作者: 黄凤媛,孟光兴
AUTHORS: HUANG Fengyuan ,MENG Guangxing
关键字: 广东省;药品安全;监管效率;超效率数据包络分析模型;Malmquist指数
KEYWORDS: Guangdong province ;Drug safety ;Supervision efficiency ;Super efficiency DEA model ;Malmquist index
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