区块链技术在我国医药领域的应用现状评价
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篇名: 区块链技术在我国医药领域的应用现状评价
TITLE: Evaluation of the Application Status Quo of Blockchain Technology in China ’s Pharmaceutical Field
摘要: 目的:评价区块链技术在我国医药领域的应用现状,为其在国内医药领域广泛的应用和发展提供方向和决策支持。方法:计算机检索Embase、PubMed、Cochrane图书馆、中国生物医学文献数据库、中国期刊全文数据库、中文科技期刊数据库、万方数据库,检索时限为各数据库建库起至2019年9月30日,收集评价区块链技术在我国医药领域的应用现状的研究,对研究类型、发表时间、主要研究领域、存在问题等结果进行描述性分析。结果与结论:共纳入60篇文献,均为中文文献。60篇文献中38篇为综述、19篇为原始研究、2篇为学位论文、1篇为会议论文,文章发表时间为2016-2019年。区块链技术在医药领域的主要应用是促进电子病历数据、个人健康数据、临床科研数据和基因组数据的共享;其提供的可回溯路径主要应用在医保审核、药品质量溯源及防伪、医疗器械和医疗用品追溯中。但区块链技术的这些应用还处于初步的理论验证或尝试阶段。目前,我国医药领域区块链技术在相关政策与应用标准、数据存储空间与处理、数据隐私与安全、专业人才方面尚存在一定局限或问题,但其在医疗数据共享、降低治疗成本、改善医疗索赔体系、强化医疗管理、优化医疗决策等方面有较高的应用价值和潜力。
ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE:To evaluate t he c urrent status of the application of blockchain technology in China ’s pharmaceutical field,and to provide direction and decision support for its wide application and development in the domestic pharmaceutical field. METHODS:Retrieved from Embase ,PubMed,Cochrane library ,CBM,CNKI,VIP and Wanfang databases during the inception of databases to Sept. 30th,2019,the studies on application status of blockchain technology in China ’s pharmaceutical field were collected;descriptive analysis was conducted for research type ,publication time ,main research fields and existing problems. RESULTS & CONCLUSIONS :A total of 60 literatures were included ,and all of them were Chinese literatures. Among them ,38 literatures were reviews ,19 were original researches ,2 were dissertation ,1 was conference paper. The publication time range was from 2016 to 2019. The application of blockchain technology in the main pharmaceutical fields is to promote the sharing of electronic medical record data ,personal health data ,clinical research data and genomic data ;the traceable path is mainly provided in medical insurance audits ,drug quality traceability and anti-counterfeiting ,medical devices and medical supplies traceability. These applications are still in the preliminary theoretical verification or trial stage. At present ,there are still some limitations or problems in the relevant policies and application standards ,data storage space and processing ,data privacy and security ,and professionals in China ’s pharmaceutical field. However ,it has high application value and potential in medical data sharing , reducing treatment costs , improving medical claim system , strengthening medical management and optimizing medical decision-making.
期刊: 2020年第31卷第17期
作者: 杨春松,张伶俐,高山,杨亚亚
AUTHORS: YANG Chunsong ,ZHANG Lingli,GAO Shan,YANG Yaya
关键字: 区块链技术;医药领域;应用现状;文献分析
KEYWORDS: Blockchain technology ;Pharmaceutical field ;Current situation ;Literature analysis
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