美国疫苗伤害补偿信托基金研究及对我国的启示
x

请在关注微信后,向客服人员索取文件

篇名: 美国疫苗伤害补偿信托基金研究及对我国的启示
TITLE: Study on Vaccine Injury Compensation Trust Fund in the United States and Its Enlightenment to China
摘要: 目的:为探索建立我国疫苗接种异常反应补偿基金提供可行性建议。方法:通过文献研究和法规梳理,详细介绍美国疫苗伤害补偿信托基金的建立背景、补偿原理、管理与运作模式(包括基金的管理方式、来源、用途、风险控制措施),评价其运作效果,并对我国预防接种异常反应补偿基金的建立提出建议。结果与结论:美国疫苗伤害补偿计划(VICP)通过向疫苗企业销售的每剂次疫苗按一定比例征收疫苗消费税作为固定的资金来源,建立疫苗伤害补偿信托基金,用于为发生疫苗伤害的受种者提供补偿。美国疫苗伤害补偿信托基金属于特殊需求信托,当疫苗受害者符合补偿条件时,即可将享有的补偿权转化为信托法下的受益权。该基金由美国财政部下设的基金管理部统一管理,并采取保本型投资、代位求偿、应急准备等多种风险控制措施。截至2018年已积累大量基金结余,足以确保VICP的偿付能力。建议我国充分借鉴美国疫苗伤害补偿信托基金的成功经验,立足国内实际,从完善补偿基金相关立法、构建补偿管理体系、明确基金来源和用途、采取多种风险控制措施等方面入手,探索建立我国预防接种异常反应补偿基金,以进一步拓展筹资渠道、稳定资金来源、提升补偿效果。
ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE:To provide applicable suggestions for exploring the establishement of the vaccination rare adverse reactions compensation fund in China. METHODS :Through literature research and regulation review , the establishment background,compensation principle ,management and operation mode (including management methods ,source,uses and risk control measures)of Vaccine Injury Compensation Trust Fund in the United States were introduced in details ,while the operation effect was evaluated ,and the suggestions for the establishment of the vaccination rare adverse reactions compensation fund in China were put forward. RESULTS & CONCLUSIONS :The U.S. National Vaccine Injury Compensation Program (VICP)imposed a certain proportion of vaccine excise tax on each dose of vaccine sold by vaccine companies ,and established the Vaccine Injury Compensation T rust F und as its fixed source of compensation funds to provide compensation for vaccine victims. The fund belonged to the special needs trust. When the vaccine victims met the compensation conditions ,they can convert their compensation rights into the beneficial rights under the trust law. The fund was managed by the Fund Management Branch under U.S. Dept. of the Treasury,and it took a variety of risk control measures such as capital guaranteed investment ,subrogation,emergency preparedness. As of 2018,a large number of fund balances had been accumulated ,which was sufficient to ensure the solvency of VICP. It is suggested that China fully learn from the successful experience of the Vaccine Injury Compensation Trust Tund of the United States , based on the domestic reality ,start from improving the relevant legislation of the compensation fund ,building the compensation management system ,making clear the source and usage of the fund ,taking various risk control measures ,so as to explore the establishment of China ’s vaccination rare adverse reactions compensation fund ,further expand the financing channels ,stabilize the source of funds ,and improve the compensation effect.
期刊: 2020年第31卷第12期
作者: 王艺芳,杨丽娜,杨悦
AUTHORS: WANG Yifang ,YANG Lina,YANG Yue
关键字: 美国;疫苗伤害补偿信托基金;预防接种异常反应;基金补偿;管理模式;风险控制;启示
KEYWORDS: The United States ;Vaccine Injury Compensation Trust Fund ;Vaccination rare adverse reaction ;Fund compen-
阅读数: 81 次
本月下载数: 5 次

* 注:未经本站明确许可,任何网站不得非法盗链资源下载连接及抄袭本站原创内容资源!在此感谢您的支持与合作!