南通市中药企业的发展现状及对策研究
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篇名: 南通市中药企业的发展现状及对策研究
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摘要: 目的:研究南通市中药企业发展现状并提出发展建议,以促进南通市中药企业可持续发展。方法:向南通市15家中药企业(包括4家中药饮片企业,11家中药制剂企业)发放问卷,对其2013-2017年的企业规模结构、企业发展情况(包括经济发展和从业人员两方面)、发展潜力(以企业研发经费和研发人员投入强度计算)等方面进行调查分析。结果与结论:在企业规模结构方面,目前南通市没有大型企业,只有3家中型企业,12家小型企业,整体规模不大;中药企业整体集中度不高,其中饮片企业市场结构为寡占型,制剂企业结构为竞争型,中药饮片企业集中度高于中药制剂企业。在经济发展方面,2014-2017年年均总产值增长率为14.98%,年均利润总额增长率为19.09%,经济发展态势较好,但品牌品种优势未完全发挥;在从业人员方面,员工教育水平主要以大专学历为主(34.01%),人员类别主要以销售人员为主(32.73%)。在企业发展潜力方面,研发经费和研发人员投入强度较低,5年内平均值分别为2.96%、11.32%,2013-2017年专利数(2013年16 个 vs. 2017年17 个)和专利形成产品数(2013年7个 vs. 2017年12个)增长缓慢,且仅有一家开拓了海外市场。针对现状中存在的问题,南通市或其他地区存在类似情况的中药企业应适当兼并重组扩大行业规模,提高市场集中度;加大研发资金和人才投入,坚持中药品种的保护和创新;另外,有必要搭建大数据“健康云”平台,打破传统产业链,同时抓住“一带一路”政策和财税机遇进行海外宣传及开拓市场,促进中药企业可持续发展。
ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: To study the development status of TCM enterprises of Nantong city and provide suggestions, and to promote the sustainable development of TCM enterprises of Nantong city. METHODS: Taking Nantong city as an example, questionnaires were issued to 15 TCM enterprises in Nantong (including 4 TCM decoction piece enterprises, 11 TCM pharmaceutical preparation enterprises). The statistical analysis was carried out in respects of scale structure, development (including economic development and staff) and development potential (by enterprise R&D funds and R&D personnel input intensity) of enterprises during 2013-2017. RESULTS & CONCLUSIONS: In terms of the scale and structure of the enterprise, there were no large-scale enterprises in Nantong city, only 3 medium-sized enterprises, 12 small enterprises; the overall scale of enterprises was small; the overall concentration of TCM enterprises was not high, in which the market structure of TCM decoction piece enterprises was oligopolistic, and the structure of preparation enterprises was competitive. The concentration of TCM decoction enterprises was higher than that of TCM preparation enterprises. In terms of economic development, the annual average GDP and profit growth rate are 14.98% and 19.09% from 2014 to 2017; the economic development situation was good, but the brand variety advantage was not developed fully. In terms of staff, employee’s education level was mainly college degree (34.01%) and the staff category was mainly salesperson (32.73%). In terms of the company’s development potential, enterprise R&D funds and R&D personnel input intensity were in low levels (average 2.96%, 11.32% in 5 years), the number of patents (16 in 2013 vs. 17 in 2017) and innovative products (7 in 2013 vs. 12 in 2017) increases slowly, and only one had opened up overseas markets. In response to the issues, TCM enterprises of Nantong city or other areas should merge and reorganize appropriately to expand the scale of the industry and improve the market concentration; increase research funds and talented personnel investment, insist the protection and in novation of TCM. In addition, build a big data “healthy cloud” platform to break the traditional industrial chain; at the same time, seize the “Belt and Road” policy finance and taxation opportunities to promote overseas and develop markets to promote the sustainable development of TCM enterprise.
期刊: 2019年第30卷第5期
作者: 高原,徐爱军,李红美,毛琪
AUTHORS: GAO Yuan,XU Aijun,LI Hongmei,MAO Qi
关键字: 南通市;中药企业;规模结构;发展现状;发展潜力;建议
KEYWORDS: Nantong city; TCM enterprise; Scale structure; Development status; Development potential; Suggestion
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