内布拉斯加大学医学中心药学博士项目培养模式对我国药学教育的启示
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篇名: 内布拉斯加大学医学中心药学博士项目培养模式对我国药学教育的启示
TITLE:
摘要: 目的:介绍美国药学博士(Pharm. D.)项目的培养模式,为我国改革药学教育模式、培养符合新时期药学服务需求的新型药学人才提供参考。方法:通过观摩学习美国内布拉斯加大学医学中心(UNMC)药学实践部门的教学课程,了解美国Pharm. D.项目的培养模式、教学理念、课程设置和教学方法等,总结以UNMC为代表的美国Pharm. D.项目培养模式的特点,并提出对我国相应药学教育改革的建议。结果与结论:美国药学教育基于以“药学服务”为核心的药学人才培养目标,围绕药师职业发展目标确定并改进和优化培养过程及课程体系,教学模式上注重人文关怀、立足药师职业能力培养,教学过程重视现代教育技术和多样化教学方法的应用,对学生实施严格的形成性评价以考核教学效果。我国可借鉴美国Pharm. D.项目的成功经验,明确服务型药学人才的培养目标,围绕职业发展目标优化临床药学专业的培养过程和课程体系,注重职业能力和人文关怀培养,积极利用现代教育技术和多样化教学方法,逐渐将形成性评价与终结性评价相结合,并最终过渡到以形成性评价为中心的评价体系,以培养出符合我国实际需求的服务型药学专业人才。
ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: To introduce training mode of American Pharm. D. project, and to provide reference for pharmacy education mode reform and cultivation of new pharmaceutical talents meeting the needs of pharmaceutical care in the new era in China. METHODS: The training mode, teaching concept, course setting and teaching method of American Pharm. D. project were investigated by observing and learning teaching course of pharmacy practice department in University of Nebraska Medical Center(UNMC). The characteristics of American pharmacy education represented by UNMC were summarized, and the suggestion for pharmacy education reform in China was put forward. RESULTS & CONCLUSIONS: Based on the goal of pharmacy talent cultivation for pharmaceutical care, American pharmacy education confirms and improves training process and course system around the career development goal of pharmacists, pays attention to humanistic concern and pharmacist vocational ability training in teaching mode, focuses on modern teaching technology and diversified teaching methods during teaching course, and implements strict formative evaluation to evaluate teaching effectiveness. Chinese pharmacy education should learn from the successful experience of American Pharm. D. project, confirm the training goal of service-oriented pharmaceutical talents, optimize training procedure and course system of clinical pharmacy major adhere to the goal of vocational development, focus on vocational ability and humanistic care training, actively utilize modern educational technology and diversified teaching methods, gradually combin formative evaluation with summative evaluation, and eventually transfer to the formative evaluation-centered evaluation system, so as to cultivate service-oriented pharmaceutical talents who meet the actual needs of China.
期刊: 2018年第29卷第20期
作者: 唐富山
AUTHORS: TANG Fushan
关键字: 内布拉斯加大学医学中心;药学博士;药学教育;临床药学;教学方法
KEYWORDS: University of Nebraska Medical Center; Pharm. D.; Pharmacy education; Clinical pharmacy; Teaching method
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