医院药师职业规划与职业满意度现状、影响因素及相关性分析
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篇名: 医院药师职业规划与职业满意度现状、影响因素及相关性分析
TITLE:
摘要: 目的:了解医院药师职业规划水平与职业满意度现状、影响因素及相关性。方法:采用根据“职业规划与职业满意度通用量表”改编后的调查问卷,通过简单随机抽样,对某省5家三级综合医院药师进行问卷调查。采用因子分析检验问卷信度、效度;采用多元回归分析影响医院药师职业规划与职业满意度的因素;采用Spearman相关系数评价职业规划与职业满意度的相关性。结果:共发放调查问卷210份,回收有效问卷198份,有效回收率为94.28%;问卷信效度检验的Cronbach’α值为0.939(>0.6)、KMO值为0.905(接近1)。调查结果显示,受访药师的性别、年龄、婚姻状况、工作年限、职称和所在岗位对其职业规划水平的影响均有统计学意义(P<0.05);年龄和职称对其职业满意度的影响均有统计学意义(P<0.05);职业规划水平各维度(自我评价、职业规划知晓与行动、职业认知)与职业满意度均呈正相关(总相关系数分别为0.649、0.633、0.694)。结论:受访药师职业规划水平受性别、年龄、婚姻状况、工作年限、职称以及所在岗位的影响较大;职业满意度受年龄和所在岗位的影响较大;职业规划越好,职业满意越高。建议借鉴管理学理论和经验,对医院药师进行专业培训,帮助其充分了解岗位职责,做好职业角色的定位;通过建立科学有效的职业规划管理体系,提高药师自我管理能力,提升其职业满意度,促进药学学科发展。
ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: To investigate the situation and influential factors of hospital pharmacist career planning and career satisfaction and their relationship. METHODS: The questionnaire modified according to “general career planning and career satisfaction scale” was adopted for questionnaire survey among pharmacists in 5 third grade class A hospitals by simple random sampling. The factor analysis was used to test the reliability and validity of the questionnaire. The influential factors of career planning and satisfaction degree, the relationship of career planning with satisfaction degree were analyzed by multiple regression analysis and Spearman correlation coefficient. RESULTS: Totally 210 questionnaires were sent out and 198 were effectively received, with effective recovery of 94.28%. Cronbach’α value of reliability and validity test was 0.939 (>0.6), and KMO value was 0.905 (close to 1). Results of survey showed that there was statistical significance in the effects of gender, age, marital status, work experience, professional title and position on career planning (P<0.05). There was statistical significance in the effects of age and professional title on satisfaction degree (P<0.05). Different dimensions of career planning (self-assessment, career awareness and action, position questions) were positively correlated with career satisfaction degree (total correlation coefficients were 0.649, 0.633, 0.694). CONCLUSIONS: Career planning is mainly influenced by gender, age, marital status, work experience, professional title and position. Career satisfaction degree is greatly influenced by age and position. The better the career planning is, the higher the satisfaction is. It is suggested to conduct professional training of hospital pharmacists by referring to the theory and experience of management, help pharmacists to fully understand the job responsibilities and do a good job in the position of professional roles. The establishment of scientific and effective career planning management system improves self-management ability of hospital pharmacists and career satisfaction degree, and promotes the development of discipline.
期刊: 2018年第29卷第8期
作者: 赵杰,张瑞,陈晓莉,关克磊,杜书章
AUTHORS: ZHAO Jie,ZHANG Rui,CHEN Xiaoli,GUAN Kelei,DU Shuzhang
关键字: 医院药师;职业规划;职业满意度;影响因素;相关性
KEYWORDS: Hospital pharmacist; Career planning; Career satisfaction degree; Influential factor; Relationship
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