ABC分类法在我院抗肿瘤及其辅助用药库存管理中的应用
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篇名: ABC分类法在我院抗肿瘤及其辅助用药库存管理中的应用
TITLE:
摘要: 目的:缩短医院药品库存周转天数,减少药品库存成本,提高医院药品库存管理水平。方法:选取我院医院信息系统中2016年1月1日-2016年12月31日65种抗肿瘤药及其辅助用药的单价、库存量等数据,采用ABC分类法进行分类;根据二级库需求量重点计算A类药品的药库采购量、上下限;对C类药品逐一分析,确定临时采购的“临用现进”目录药品;统计分类管理前后A类药品的周转天数和C类药品的库存成本。结果:A类药品共10种,占总品种数的15.38%,占总金额的78.27%,经采用少量多次的采购原则,周转天数从(43.96±19.04) d缩短为(13.64±8.02) d;C类药品中有10种药品被确定为“临用现进”,占C类药品品种数的26.32%,每年约节约27万元的库存成本。结论:采用ABC分类法分层管理医院药品库存,可有效优化库存品种和数量,并为“临用现进”药品的确定提供依据,从而缩短药品库存周转天数、减少药品库存成本。
ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: To shorten the turnover days of hospital drug inventory, reduce the cost of drug inventory and improve the level of hospital drug inventory management. METHODS: The data of 65 kinds of antitumor drugs and its adjuvant drugs during Jan. 1st, 2016-Dec. 31st, 2016 were collected from hospital information system (HIS) of our hospital, such as price, inventory to classify by using ABC classification method. According to demanded quantity of class A drugs in the secondary drug storage, the amount purchased of upper and lower limitation of class A drugs could be calculated. The data of class C drugs were analyzed one by one to determine the “temporary use” drug directory. The turnover days of class A drugs and the inventory cost of class C drugs were counted before and after classification management. RESULTS: There were 10 class A drugs, accounting for 15.38% of total types and 78.27% of total consumption sum; the turnover days of pharmacy inventory decreased from (43.96±19.04) d to (13.64±8.02) d by adopting the principle of purchasing in small quantity by several times. There were 10 “temporary use” drugs of class C drugs, accounting for 26.32% of total types, 270 thousand yuan inventory cost saved each year. CONCLUSIONS: Hierarchical management of hospital drug inventory by ABC classification can effectively optimize the inventory types and amount, and provide definite evidence for “temporary use” drugs so as to shorten turnover days of pharmacy inventory and recue the cost of pharmacy inventory.
期刊: 2018年第29卷第1期
作者: 刘水,李怡文,樊硕,黄韬,李静
AUTHORS: LIU Shui,LI Yiwen,FAN Shuo,HUANG Tao,LI Jing
关键字: ABC分类法;库存管理;抗肿瘤药;辅助用药;“临用现进”药品;周转天数
KEYWORDS: ABC classification; Inventory management; Anti-tumor drugs; Adjuvant drugs; “Temporary use” drug; Turnover days
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