“获取基本药物”——第67届世界卫生大会我国国家提案介绍Δ
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篇名: “获取基本药物”——第67届世界卫生大会我国国家提案介绍Δ
TITLE:
摘要: 目的:正确理解第67届世界卫生大会我国提案“获取基本药物”决议内容,为我国制定相关政策和推进工作提供借鉴和参考。 方法:描述性介绍“获取基本药物”决议的提出背景、通过过程和决议内容,并分析其可能产生的影响与作用。结果:“获取基本药物”决议共包括“敦促各会员国”和“要求总干事”两部分,共20个条目。“敦促各会员国”涵盖了国家药物政策、基本药物遴选、基本药物相关卫生系统研究、国际交流与合作、儿童基本药物可及、基本药物相关教育培训及大众认知、障碍识别及战略制定、基本药物管理系统和监测机制及灵活利用现有政策等11个条目。“要求总干事”共9条,提出了WHO为实现“敦促各会员国”11条所需提供的支持及决议后效评价。结论:我国的提案“获取基本药物”对维护人类健康、特别是发展中国家人民健康,保障各国人民基本用药权益和促进合理用药具有重要意义。该决议获世界卫生大会通过,提升了我国在促进基本人群基本医疗服务的国际话语权。
ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: To provide reference for the proper understanding of the content of “Access to Essential Medicine” resolution proposed by China at the 67th World Health Assembly (WHA), policy making and implication of the resolution in China. METHODS: Through descriptive analysis, the proposal background, approving process and resolution content of the “Access to Essential Medicines” resolution were introduced; the potential impact and effect of the resolution were analyzed. RESULTS:“Access to Essential Medicine” included“urging member states” and “requesting director-general”,20 items. “Urging member states” covered 11 items,including national medicine policy, essential medicine selection, medicine related health systems research, international exchanges and cooperation, children's essential medicine accessibility, essential medicine related education, training and public recognition, obstacle recognition and strategy development, essential medicine management system and monitoring mechanism, flexible use of the existing policy.“Requesting director-general”covered 9 items and put forward the support WHO needed to realize “urging member states” and effect evaluation after the resolution. CONCLUSIONS: “Access to Essential Medicine”  is great significance to maintain human health, especially people’s health in developing countries, safeguard the rights and interests of people’s basic drug use and promote rational drug use. The approval of “Access to Essential Medicine” at WHA represents China’s international discourse right on improving the basic medical service among basic population, and highlights China’s magnitude of a great nation.
期刊: 2017年第28卷第33期
作者: 蒋璐灿,张伶俐,刘丹,曾力楠
AUTHORS: JIANG Lucan,ZHANG Lingli,LIU Dan,ZENG Linan
关键字: 基本药物;可及性;世界卫生大会;决议;国家提案
KEYWORDS: Essential medicine;Accessibility;World Health Assembly;Resolution; State proposal
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