我院住院药房口服摆药桌的设计与应用
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篇名: 我院住院药房口服摆药桌的设计与应用
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摘要: 目的:通过设计并制作一种口服摆药桌,用以加强医院拆零药品的管理,提高药师工作效率。 方法:我院药师为解决住院药房摆药工作中面临的摆药工作台容量狭小致拆零药品摆放不足且无序等问题,设计了一种可解决上述问题的口服摆药桌并制作成品应用到实际工作中。通过对该摆药桌应用前后的药品摆放数和医嘱调配时间进行比较以评价其效果。结果:设计的口服摆药桌包括阶梯方口插槽部件、阶梯圆口插槽部件、操作台面、多格抽屉、普通抽屉等,其中前两个部件可用于摆放不同形状和不同大小包装的药品,多格抽屉可摆放口服液以及颗粒剂等药品。摆放药品总数从原来的237种增加为290种,每条医嘱平均调配时间由(4.55±0.38) s缩短至(3.52±0.16) s。结论:新摆药桌的使用解决了原有摆药桌摆药容量受限以及拆零药品摆放无序、难定位、难管理等问题,提高了药师调配速度,并促进了拆零药品的规范化管理。
ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: To strengthen the management of dismounting drugs in hospital and improve pharmacist working efficiency by designing and mading an oral dispending desk. METHODS: In order to solve the small number of placing dismounting drugs induced by small capacity of the desk and disorder placement of placing medicines in inpatient pharmacy, our pharmacists designed a new kind of oral dispensing desk that can solve the above problems, produced it and put it in the daily clinical work. The application effects were evaluated by comparing the number of placing drugs and deployment time of medical orders before and after applying it. RESULTS: The designed oral dispensing desk included square slots in the bench, round slots on the side, operating table, multi-panel drawer and ordinary drawer, in which, the first two parts could be used for placing drugs with different shapes and different sizes, multi-panel drawer could place oral liquid, granules, etc. The total number of placing drugs was increased from 237 to 290, and the average deployment time of each medical order was shortened from (4.55±0.38) s to (3.52±0.16) s. CONCLUSIONS: Application of new dispensing desk has not only solved the limited capacity of the desk, disorderly placing dismounting drugs, being difficult to locate and manage and other problems, but also improved the deployment speed of pharmacists and promoted standardized management of dismounting drugs.
期刊: 2017年第28卷第25期
作者: 董一曼,陈伟薇,丁光跃,徐晓娣,吴华
AUTHORS: DONG Yiman,CHEN Weiwei,DING Guangyue,XU Xiaodi,WU Hua
关键字: 口服摆药桌;住院药房;药品拆零;设计
KEYWORDS: Oral dispensing desk; Inpatient pharmacy; Drug dismounting; Design
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