上海市6家一、二级医疗卫生机构门诊药房药品拆零分装现状调查
x

请在关注微信后,向客服人员索取文件

篇名: 上海市6家一、二级医疗卫生机构门诊药房药品拆零分装现状调查
TITLE:
摘要: 目的:为进一步规范和完善门诊药房药品拆零分装管理提供参考。方法:在上海市选取两个区共6家一、二级医疗卫生机构(4家社区卫生服务中心和2家二级医院)就其药品使用情况和门诊药房药品拆零分装开展情况等进行问卷调查,并就调查数据进行统计和分析。结果:共发放机构调查问卷6份、药剂人员调查问卷6份,均全部回收且均为有效问卷,有效回收率均为100%。2015年,受访社区卫生服务中心、二级医院基本药物平均配备品种数分别为496.50、542.00种,平均销售药品品种数分别为530.75、1 052.00种。受访社区卫生服务中心门诊药房拆零药品品种数为10~21种,均为基本药物和甲类医保药物,拆零药品销售额为5.56~16.70万元;2家受访二级医院门诊药房拆零药品品种数分别为17、23种,大多数为基本药物和甲类医保药物,拆零药品销售额分别为13.19、158.06万元;两类受访机构拆零药品品种数占销售药品品种数的比例均不足5%,拆零药品销售额占药品总销售额的比例均不足1%。艾司唑仑片、阿普唑仑片在两类受访机构拆零药品销售额排名中均位列前5。受访机构均未在门诊药房配备自动分包机,仍主要以手工拆零方式进行药品拆零分装;有4家以定期安排拆零为主,拆零频率通常每周1~3次,辅以按需安排拆零,另有2家实行每天拆零;有5家制定了机构内部的拆零工作制度,但相关制度尚不完善。结论:上海市一、二级医疗卫生机构及其药剂人员开展或从事拆零工作的积极性有待提高,拆零药品相关说明书无法按要求提供,拆零方式仍需加以探讨。
ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: To provide reference for further standardizing and perfecting the management of drug unpacking in outpatient pharmacy. METHODS: A total of 6 primary and secondary health institutions (4 community health service centers and 2 secondary hospitals) were selected from 2 districts in Shanghai to conduct a questionnaire survey on the use of their drugs and drug unpacking in outpatient pharmacy. The survey data was analyzed statistically. RESULTS: Totally 6 institution questionnaires and 6 pharmaceutical staff questionnaires were sent out, all were received with recovery of 100%. In 2015, the average number of essential medicines in community health service centers and secondary hospitals were 496.50, 542.00, respectively, and the average number of varieties sold were 530.75, 1 052.00. In outpatient pharmacy of surveyed community health service center, the number of unpacked drugs was 10-21 which were essential drugs and class A medical insurance drugs, and the consumption sum of unpacked drug ranged 5.56-16.70 ten thousand yuan. In outpatient pharmacy of 2 two secondary hospitals, the number of unpacked drugs were 17 and 23,respectively, most of which were essential drugs and class A medical insurance drugs, and the consumption sum of unpacked drug ranged 13.19 to 158.06 ten thousand yuan. The proportion of unpacked drugs was less than 5% of the total number of varieties sold, and the proportion of consumption sum of unpacked drugs was less than 1% of total consumption sum. Estazolam tablets and Alprazolam tablets took up the top 5 in the list of consumption sum of unpacking drugs in 2 types of intervi ewed instiutions. All the surveyed institutions were not equipped with drug dispensing machine in the outpatient pharmacy, still depended on manually unpacking. There were four institutions to regularly arrange the unpacking, unpacking frequency was usually 1 to 3 times a week, supplemented by the need to arrange unpacking, and another two to implement a daily unpacking. There were 5 institutions to develop a drug unpacking mechanism in the institutions, but the relevant system was not perfect. CONCLUSIONS: The enthusiasm of pharmaceutical saff in primary and secondary health institutions in Shanghai to carry out or engage in unpacking work need to be improved, the instructions for unpacked drugs are not available on request, and the way to unpack drugs still needs to explore.
期刊: 2017年第28卷第24期
作者: 王东泽,苏巍巍,吴文辉,涂诗意
AUTHORS: WANG Dongze,SU Weiwei,WU Wenhui,TU Shiyi
关键字: 上海市;一、二级医疗卫生机构;门诊药房;药品拆零;调查
KEYWORDS: Shanghai;Primary and secondary health institution;Outpatient pharmacy; Drug unpacking; Investigation
总下载数: 12 次
本日下载数: 1次
本月下载数: 0次
文件大小: 619.60Kb

* 注:未经本站明确许可,任何网站不得非法盗链资源下载连接及抄袭本站原创内容资源!在此感谢您的支持与合作!