我院2014-2016年门急诊癌痛患者麻醉药品使用情况分析
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篇名: 我院2014-2016年门急诊癌痛患者麻醉药品使用情况分析
TITLE:
摘要: 目的:为门急诊癌痛患者麻醉药品的合理使用提供参考。方法:回顾性统计我院2014-2016年门急诊麻醉药品处方中癌痛患者用药处方2 275张,并对处方的一般情况、药品用量、销售金额和用药频度(DDDs)等进行分析。结果:3年内我院门诊癌痛患者男女比例分别为65.63%和34.37%,年龄主要分布在21~90岁。我院癌痛患者麻醉药品用量及销售金额逐年上升,剂型主要以片剂为主,其中盐酸吗啡缓释片的用量、销售金额和DDDs各年度均为最高,盐酸哌替啶注射液均为最低。结论:我院门急诊癌痛患者麻醉药品的使用基本合理,癌痛患者镇痛以使用吗啡制剂为主。
ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: To provide reference for the rational utilization of narcotic drugs in cancer pain patients. METHODS: In retrospective survey, 2 275 prescriptions of narcotic drugs for cancer pain patients in outpatient and emergency department of our hospital during 2014-2016 were analyzed statistically in respects of general information, drug amount, consumption sum and DDDs, etc. RESULTS: The proportion of male patients and female patients with cancer pain in our hospital were 65.63% and 34.37% within 3 years, mainly aged 21-90. The consumption amount and sum of narcotic drugs in our hospital increased year by year. Dosage forms were mainly tablet. The consumption amount, sum and DDDs of Morphine hydrochloride sustained-release tablets took up the first places among narcotic drugs. And those of Pethidine hydrochloride injection were the lowest. CONCLUSIONS: The utilization of narcotic drugs is rational in outpatient and emergency department of our hospital on the whole. Morphine preparations are the predominant analgesic drugs for patients with cancer pain.
期刊: 2017年第28卷第17期
作者: 郑晓林,林慧华,张龙,潘雅明,梁友华
AUTHORS: ZHENG Xiaolin,LIN Huihua,ZHANG Long,PAN Yaming,LIANG Youhua
关键字: 麻醉药品;癌痛;用药频度;销售金额;门诊;急诊
KEYWORDS: Narcotic drugs; Cancer pain; DDDs; Consumption sum; Outpatient; Emergency
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