新疆基层医务人员对国家基本药物制度认知情况的调查分析
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篇名: 新疆基层医务人员对国家基本药物制度认知情况的调查分析
TITLE:
摘要: 目的:为新疆进一步推广使用国家基本药物并制定符合本地实际情况的基本药物行动计划提供必要依据。方法:采用现场问卷调查方式,以多阶段分层随机抽样方法抽取新疆35个县级医疗卫生机构共1 800名医务人员,就其对国家基本药物制度的认知情况进行调查,并用SPSS 13.0软件对数据进行统计分析。结果:共发放问卷1 800份,回收有效问卷1 642份,有效回收率为91.2%。26.5%的受访者通过学术交流知晓国家基本药物制度,50.0%的受访者则通过书籍和期刊知晓;62.4%的受访者从未参加过培训。受访者中能够经常向患者宣传基本药物的仅占20.2%。受访者对国家基本药物制度的平均认知情况得分为(6.09±2.86)分,其得分与年龄、学历、专业、工作年限和职称几个因素有相关性(P<0.01)。75.2%的受访者支持实施该项制度。结论:新疆基层医务人员对国家基本药物制度已有一定的了解,但认识水平仍然偏低。建议通过专题讲座、进修培训等方法提高其认知水平,加强宣传提高各族群众对基本药物的信赖度,改变其不良的用药习惯,普及合理用药常识,在全社会形成有利于国家基本药物制度实施的良好氛围。
ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: To provide reference for further developing the use of national essential medicine system and formulating the plan for essential medicine that is consistent with the local situation. METHODS: A questionnaire survey was conducted on site to collect the 1 800 medical staffs chosen from 35 community health service institutions in Xinjiang with multi-stage stratified random cluster sampling to investigate the cognition to the national essential medicine, and it was statistically analyzed by SPSS 13.0 software. RESULTS: Totally 1 800 questionnaires were sent out and 1 642 were effective received with effective recovery of 91.2%. 26.5% acquired such specialized knowledge through professional training, and 50.0% by books and Internet; 62.4% did never participated in training. Only 20.2% shared it for patients. The average score of recognition for the system was (6.09±2.86) scores, which was related to age, education, profession, work experience and the title (P<0.01). 75.2% supported this system. CONCLUSIONS: The basic medical staff just have some know of the concept of national essential medicine, but the understanding is still low. It is suggested to improve the cognition level by seminars and continuing training to strengthen reliability of all ethnic groups on essential medicine, change their bad medication habits, popularize common sense of rational drug use and form a good atmosphere for the implementation of the national essential medicine system in the whole society.
期刊: 2016年第27卷第21期
作者: 李亚昙,张海霞,刘军
AUTHORS: LI Yatan,ZHANG Haixia,LIU Jun
关键字: 国家基本药物制度;认知情况;新疆;基层;医务人员;调查分析
KEYWORDS: National essential medicine system; Cognition; Xinjiang; The basic level; Medical staff; Investigation and analysis
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