基层药品零售企业药品不良反应监测工作探讨
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篇名: 基层药品零售企业药品不良反应监测工作探讨
TITLE:
摘要: 目的:探讨基层药品零售企业如何开展药品不良反应(ADR)监测工作,提高我国的ADR监测水平。方法:对分布在慈溪市18个镇、街道的6家药品零售连锁企业的212家下属门店、295家单体零售药店开展ADR监测工作的现状及其影响因素进行分析。结果与结论:慈溪市药品零售企业从业人员对ADR相关知识及开展ADR监测的重要性认识不足;从业人员的专业水平有限,尚未能有效开展药学技术服务,收集、登记、上报ADR较困难;企业内部管理制度不健全,缺乏具体的ADR 监测工作制度。建议进一步加大对ADR监测知识的宣传力度;加强对从业人员的ADR监测知识培训,引导执业药师积极开展药学技术服务;充分发挥药品零售连锁企业的“领头羊”作用,带动各单体药店开展ADR监测;同时,健全国家的法制建设,强化监管。以此来推动基层药品零售企业ADR监测工作的深入开展,为公众用药安全提供保障。
ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: To discuss the way to develop ADR monitoring in primary retail pharmacy enterprises, and to improve ADR monitoring in China. METHODS: The situation of ADR monitoring in 6 retail pharmacy enterprises (212 retail stores and 295 single retail stores) from 18 towns and streets of Cixi city were analyzed as well as its influential factors. RESULTS & CONCLUSIONS: The employees did not realize the importance of obtaining knowledge about ADR and developing ADR monitoring; professional level of medicine practitioners was limited, pharmaceutical technical services were not provided effectively, and it was difficult to collect, register or report ADR information; the management system was defective within the enterprise, and specific measures to ADR monitoring were lacking. It is suggested to strengthen the publicity and education of ADR monitoring, enhance the ADR monitoring knowledge training to medicine practitioners, lead licensed pharmacists to provide pharmaceutical technical services actively, give full play to the "leader" role of the pharmaceutical retail chain enterprises to guide monomer drugstores to carry out the ADR monitoring, and improve the legal system and intensify supervision, so as to promote the development of ADR monitoring in primary retail pharmacy enterprises and provide protection for safe drug use.
期刊: 2016年第27卷第16期
作者: 张芙群
AUTHORS: ZHANG Fuqun
关键字: 基层药品零售企业;药品不良反应;监测
KEYWORDS: Primary retail pharmacy enterprises; ADR; Monitoring
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